Phase-out of ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases in the Russian Federation
  • Arctic Council
  • Nefco
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
  • ICSTI
Russia's Chairmanship of the Arctic Council in 2021-2023 Russia's Chairmanship of the Arctic Council in 2021-2023
Russia's Chairmanship of the Arctic Council in 2021-2023
Phase-out of ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases. Main facts and figures Phase-out of ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases. Main facts and figures
Phase-out of ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases. Main facts and figures
Conversion of enterprises of the fishing industry in the Murmansk Oblast Conversion of enterprises of the fishing industry in the Murmansk Oblast
Conversion of enterprises of the fishing industry in the Murmansk Oblast
Training Center for refrigeration equipment on the base of the Murmansk State Technical University Training Center for refrigeration equipment on the base of the Murmansk State Technical University
Training Center for refrigeration equipment on the base of the Murmansk State Technical University

Ozone-depleting Gases / Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol is a successful international agreement signed and ratified by all UN states. Its task is to phase out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS).

ODS includes, in particular, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) R22, R141b, R123, which are used as refrigerants for refrigeration equipment.

According to the requirements of the Montreal Protocol, HCFC consumption in the Russian Federation should decrease:

  • from 2020 by 99,5% relative to the baseline level
  • from 2030 by 100%

Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases / Kigali Amendment

The Kigali Amendment aims to apply the potential of the Montreal Protocol to address climate change. This amendment establishes a schedule for reducing the production and consumption of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases).

F-gases are hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, such as R134a, R404a, R407a, R410a and others.

The following schedule for reducing HFC consumption has been established for the Russian Federation:

  • From 2020 by 5% relative to the baseline level
  • From 2025 by 35%
  • From 2036 by 85%

Arctic Council project on the phase-out of ODS and F-gases in the fishing industry of the Murmansk Oblast

The project involves: the phase-out of about 18.65 ODP tons of ozone-depleting substances and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the technical re-equipment of several fishing enterprises in the Murmansk Oblast, the organization of training of specialists to work with ODS, F-gases and alternative refrigerants, the establishment of conditions for the further dissemination of the experience gained.

How greenhouse gases made their way to the Montreal Protokol?
How greenhouse gases made their way to the Montreal Protokol?
Find out
Restrictions on the use of ODS after 2020
Restrictions on the use of ODS after 2020
Find out
Learn how your country meets the Montreal Protokol
Learn how your country meets the Montreal Protokol
Find out

Legal framework

All documents
  • The global master convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer was developed within the framework of the World Ozone Action Plan of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The Vienna Convention does not charge parties with reducing production and consumption of ODS. Such obligations were formulated in the Montreal Protocol.

  • The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was adopted as an addition to the 1985 Vienna Convention. The document provides for specific measures to preserve the ozone layer of the atmosphere, and with the adoption of the Kigali Amendment, to reduce the greenhouse effect. To become a Party to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, a State must be a Party to the Vienna Convention.

  • Legislative instruments of EAEU joining Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, regulate trans-boundary movement of ozone-depleting substances and—after adoption of the Kigali amendment—fluorinated greenhouse gases.

  • Regulatory acts of the Russian Federation in the field of protection of the ozone layer and the Earth's climate include federal laws and codes, decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, resolutions and orders of the Government of the Russian Federation, orders, instructions and orders of ministries and departments regulating the turnover of ozone-depleting substances, greenhouse gases and equipment containing them.

Phase-out of ODS and F-gases

Eco-technologies for the refrigeration business

  • A natural refrigerant with almost a century and a half of history of use in refrigeration equipment for food and other industries. It is safe for the ozone layer, and does not have a greenhouse effect.

  • In some industries, technologically and economically acceptable solutions using natural refrigerants have not yet been found. Synthetic substances and mixtures with a reduced global warming potential can be used there.

  • In the cascade systems, carbon dioxide is used as a refrigerant for a low temperature circuit, and ammonia for a high temperature circuit. Such systems have proven to be an effective solution for cooling shopping centers, warehouses and other industrial facilities.

  • Systems have been developed in which a secondary coolant circuit cooled by a dedicated refrigeration unit is used to remove heat from individual compressor and condenser units. They are characterized by high functionality, ease of installation and operation.

  • Non-toxic, non-flammable natural refrigerant. It can be used in centralized cooling systems, refrigeration units for the food industry,”air – water” heat pumps.

  • Energy efficiency is an important characteristic of refrigeration equipment. A wide range of techniques and solutions can be used to improve it.

  • The thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants make them an excellent alternative to HCFCs and HFCs in refrigeration equipment, but the fire hazard limits their scope of application.

  • Demonstration projects are designed to demonstrate the safety, environmental friendliness, energy and economic efficiency of refrigeration systems using natural refrigerants.

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