Phase-out of ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated greenhouse gases in the Russian Federation
  • Arctic Council
  • Nefco
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation

Social and economic impact of the Project

Economic activity

Being among the leading sectors of the Murmansk oblast economy, the fishing industry markedly shapes the regional social and economical conditions.

Economic indicators of the fishing industry of the Murmansk oblast, 2017

  • Share in the gross regional product: 11.3%
  • Annual capture of biological resources: 702.7 thousand t
  • Annual production of finished fish products: 555.1 thousand t (approx.16% of the Russian production)
  • Enterprises engaged in fishing, aquaculture, fish-processing, canning: 200+
  • Industrial workforce: 7.5+ thousand people

Problems in the fishing industry and the solutions offered by the Project

Problem Solution
Significant ODS and F-gas emissions are generated during the operation of catching and processing ships and during their decommissioning.
  • Leakage reduction measures at selected vessels.
  • Transfer of equipment and technologies to install, repair and maintain refrigeration systems and handle natural refrigerants in an environmentally safe manner to servicing companies.
  • Establishment of an environmentally safe ODS and F-gas recycling and disposal system..
Onshore enterprises (including new ones) use ODSs and F-gases to be phased out under international agreements. Conversion of the selected enterprises to ozone- and climate-safe substances and technologies. Demonstration of feasibility, efficiency, and safety of offered technological solutions.
Outdated facilities and training programs of the educational institutions that train specialists in the fishing industry. Rendering of technical assistance to the Murmansk State Technical University and establishment on its basis of a modern training center that would contribute to technology transfer for the fishing industry.

Environment and health

Problem Solution
The ozone layer depleted by ODS emissions ensures weaker protection from UVB radiation.
UVB radiation causes:
  • DNA damage;
  • weakening of immune systems of humans and animals;
  • cataract, skin and retina cancer;
  • loss of phytoplankton (the basis of food reserve of the ocean);
  • reduced yields of beans and cereals;
  • destruction of industrial materials, resins, and plastics.
Phase-out of approx. 18.65 ODP t of ODS (HCFC)
Climate change causes:
  • change of temperature, and frequency and intensity of rains;
  • melting of glaciers;
  • rise of the sea level;
  • threat to biodiversity;
  • destruction of crops;
  • drying up of sources of freshwater;
  • temperature increase in ice sheets, loss of thickness and height of the permafrost zone, reduction of bearing capacity of permafrost.
Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 308 t within 5 years both through reduction of consumption of ODS and F-gases and adoption of new energy-efficient technologies and substances
  • Due to the absence of the recycling and disposal system for ODS and F-gases and equipment containing those gases in the Murmansk oblast, huge emissions of ODSs and F-gases are released into the atmosphere.
  • ODSs and F-gases are still used in 13.6 l non-refillable cylinders, and the volume of waste at landfills has considerably increased because of the requirements to the disposal of pressure vessels and the absence of an efficient waste disposal system.
  • Establishment of the recycling system for ODSs and F-gases and development of the efficient model to destruct them.
  • Development of institutional proposals for a ban on the use of F-gases in non-refillable cylinders.
  • Strengthening of control over the use of ODSs.

Gender equality

The Project grants men and women equal access to environmental resources, and goods and services that may be obtained using these resources, and control the resources.

Men and women have access to human resource development programs that women, who together with children are extremely vulnerable to effects of UV-radiation and climate change, are encouraged to participate in these programs. Women’s organizations will be involved in the Project’s information campaigns dedicated to the effects of ODSs and F-gases.

Gender equality indicators, e.g. gender ratio of participants of workshops and information programs, will be evaluated at the start of the Project, and re-evaluated and analyzed upon its completion to demonstrate the efficiency of the Project activities to improve the gender ratio.

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