Close cooperation between the private sector and government, particularly important to consider the private sector’s interests when amending laws and developing Government directives, is very important part for achieving efficient implementation of such programmes. UNIDO has been able to facilitate this cooperation through the extensive engagement efforts made by the PMU, and national experts are beginning to pay dividends as private stakeholders now see UNIDO and MNRE as trusted partners and supporters.
The relationship between the public and private sectors in Russia and aspects of the prevailing business culture, have an impact on the speed and order of in which programme activities can be implemented. Many stakeholders are wary of engaging in activities or discussions until the activity is official mandated by a Government edict. This means that by the time an activity officially starts a certain period of time has already elapsed, which could have been used for initial discussions, analysis or feasibility studies. Whilst ongoing engagement and coordination may well reduce the impact this issue has on implementation timescales, it should be taken into accountant when planning future projects.
At the beginning of the project there was a low public awareness regarding the ozone protection issues and relative ambivalence towards the climate benefits of energy efficiency. Communications campaigns and stakeholder engagement activities have made a significant impact but is very clear that this area requires continued effort.
The Centre of excellence approach (also known as the Microclimate, Energy Efficiency and Building Automation Centre) shows potential as a way of engaging grass roots stakeholders and building in climate and energy efficiency issues into basic training and education of technicians and school leavers. Having a physical space dedicated to demonstration and training in certain technology also provides a useful vehicle for cooperation between public and private stakeholders. The centre established in Moscow is partly sponsored by Samsung and supported by the Russian Energy Agency, Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and the Environmental Certification Centre for Green Standards.
At the closing stage of the Project, a training center for education in the field of work with environmentally sound energy efficient refrigerants used in refrigerating and air-conditioning equipment and recovery of ozone- depleting and fluorinated greenhouse gases from equipment containing them for further recuperation and destruction was established. Rossoyuzkholodprom, the largest Russian association of the refrigeration sector, together with the center, is currently organizing interaction with governors and heads of governments of Russian regions to disseminate lessons obtained within the framework of the Project at the local level. So, training programmes, manuals, methodological materials, distant training system, concepts of training centers, demo-projects based on natural refrigerants and other results will be disseminated in all Russian regions. This resulted from the positive outcome of the project milestones and great cooperation among the project stakeholders.
In the foam sector, not only a new forum for issues of introduction of ozone-safe technologies was created, but also interest to its continuing operation after the Project completion was demonstrated. Particularly, in addition to the Union of Eco-Friendly PU Product Manufacturers and Consumers, creation of the Center for introduction of new PU preinsulated pipe technologies using ozone- and climate-safe foaming agents was initiated which will deal with studying of foams based on ozone-safe foaming agents, development of ozone-safe polyol components, approval of end-products, development and endorsing of standards, technical specifications, etc. for production, and introduce formulations based on ozone-safe foaming agents into the mass production in Russia.
Among other lessons learned of general character the following can be mentioned:
- Preparation of a detailed Project implementation plan on a tight schedule in conformity with Russian conditions, so minimum corrections were required.
- Compliance with UNIDO and GEF procedures and rules for implementation of investment and institutional projects which made it possible to avoid errors and minimize time and financial expenditures.
- Interaction with professional trade associations and unions, order of which was worked through during organization of development and public debate of legal and regulatory instruments and standards, the order of interaction with professional trade associations and unions.
- Working through the mechanism for involvement of business entities, selection of a coordinator, control over development of action plans and their implementation as part of the establishment of a trade union, Union of Eco-Friendly PU Product Manufacturers and Consumers.
- Preparation of terms of reference for tenders on manufacturing equipment purchase in cooperation with beneficiaries. The equipment supplied under signed contracts met demands of beneficiaries that received technical aid to the maximum.
- Control over, and monitoring of, the implementation of investment sub-projects almost over the whole territory of the Russian Federation. Although some beneficiaries’ facilities are located far from the ICSTI’s head-quarters, an interaction algorithm was worked through.
- Order of administrative, logistic and customs support of implemented investment sub-projects was worked through so the manufacturing equipment and hardware were supplied in the timescale available.
- Effective search, selection, and evaluation of financial viability and technological readiness for Project activities, of beneficiaries for sub-projects. Despite the economic meltdown, all implemented sub-projects resulted sustainable.
- Development of roadmaps for federal executive bodies concerned for purposes of ensuring sustainability of the Project which will strengthen and develop results obtained during the implementation after the Project completion.