Многосторонний фонд для осуществления Монреальского протокола
The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol was established by a decision of the Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in London in June 1990 and began its operation in 1991. The objective of the Fund is to assist developing countries to comply with their obligations under the Montreal Protocol.
Developed and developing countries are equally represented in the Executive Committee of the Fund operation of which is ensured by the Secretariat located in Montreal.
Projects and activities supported by the Fund are implemented by four international implementing agencies: UNEP, World Bank, UNDP, and UNIDO.
Developed countries, or non-Article 5 countries, replenish the Fund, and as of December 2019, their contributions exceeded USD 4.07 bln. HFC phase-out projects are financed by more than USD 25 mln of voluntary contributions.
Since 1991, the Fund supported the organization and operation of ozone offices in 145 and approved 144 country programs and 144 HCFC phase-out management plans in Article 5 countries.