14.03.2012 - State System for Regulation of Use of Ozone-Depleting Substances in the Russian Federation
Moscow, March 14, 2012
Expocenter, Krasnopresnenskaya nab. 14, Climate World 2012 exhibition,
pavilion 18, cocktail hall
On March 14, 2012, within the framework of the largest Russian HVAC&R exhibition Climate World 2012, a UNIDO/GEF/MNRE conference dedicated to arrangement of regulation of ozone-depleting substances use in the Russian Federation took place.
HCFC Reduction Consumption Schedule for the Russian Federation
|2004||reduction by 35%|
|2010||reduction by 75%|
|2015||reduction by 90%|
|2020||reduction by 99,5%|
|2030||reduction by 100%|
Ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are still widely used in air conditioners, domestic refrigerators, commercial and industrial refrigerating equipment and such foam materials as refrigerating equipment insulation, sandwich panels and tubes used at housing and community amenities, industry and oil- and gas pipe lines. Domestic and foreign (mainly Asian) manufacturers of low-cost equipment continue to supply the Russian market with equipment containing those substances.
In accordance with the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) ratified by all UN nations, ODSs are banned from use and phased out progressively. In many countries (EC, USA and others), such ODSs as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) are already forbidden. By 2015, Russia is to reduce ODS consumption by 90% of the base level.
Soon, prohibitive measures against import and manufacture of ODS-containing equipment are expected to be established accompanied by tightening of all kinds of control over these substances and equipment that contains them. Besides, location of that equipment at waste storage sites prior to ODS extraction for further use or environmentally-safe destruction will be banned too.
UNIDO/GEF/MNRE Conference «System for Regulation of Use of Ozone-Depleting Substances in the Russian Federation» was dedicated to discussion of these problems and ways to resolve them. The conference was aimed at practical effect. Thus, the results of the conference of 2011 were used in preparation of proposals for the Russian Government session held on June 22, 2011.
Among conference participants were representatives of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Federal Customs Service, Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resource Usage, other federal executive bodies concerned, heads, consultants and experts of the UNIDO Project for phase out of HCFC in the Russian Federation, Russian and foreign scientists, heads of industry associations, HVAC&R companies, refrigerant producers (HaloPolymer, DuPont, Honeywell, etc.) and all interested in professional discussion of addressing this problem.
- State approach to dealing with this problem in the mid-term. Creation of control system for ODS and ODS-containing product use. New statutory and regulatory acts in this regard and actions to be taken by MNRE, Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resource Usage, Federal Customs Service and Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- Assistance rendered by the Government of the Russian Federation and UNIDO to Russian enterprises in switch to production of new competitive, energy-efficient and environmentally-safe production.
- HVAC&R certification system: EC experience and prospects of its use in Russia. Possible positive results from implementing of such system for businesses and ordinary customers.
- Review of existing energy-efficient and available alternatives to ozone-depleting substances and the industrial potential in mastering of new climate-safe pilot products. Opinion of leading domestic and foreign producers of refrigerants, foaming agents, aerosol propellants and solvents.
- Prospects of hydroflourcarbons (HFCs) control under the Montreal Protocol in addition to control over ODSs (CFC, halons, HCFC, etc).