05.11.13 - 06.11.13 - UNIDO/GEF-MNRE Training Course on Preventing Illegal ODS Importation
This November officers of the Federal Customs Service and Ministry of the Interior underwent training within the scope of 72-hour Tools and Methods for Detecting Ozone Depleting Substances practical curriculum developed by UNIDO, GEF and MNRE.
The first attendees were officers of the 46th department of MOI’s Main Office for Combating Economic and Corruption Crimes, Federal Customs Service and Russian Customs Academy. After this training, they will set to train other officers in the field.
The curriculum was elaborated by UNIDO, GEF and MNRE and included not only the global experience in combating ODSs, but also information on the Russian legislation regulating the ozone layer protection, data on ODS production and consumption in Russia, schemes of illegal ODS importation and procedures to be followed in case of their detection.
For in-depth study of the problem, another manual was prepared and offered to the attendees—Preparing for HCFC phase-out: Fundamentals of Uses, Alternatives, Implications and Funding for Article 5 Countries Guide. Besides, UNIDO offered future instructors a special training kit which would facilitate their efforts on transmission of knowledge.
Attendees came to a specially equipped laboratory with teaching posters, illustrating videos, presentations and lectures. What’s most important are true samples of counterfeit goods and rapid-response analyzers to detect them.
The curriculum structure is not something extraordinary: practice and theory. As part of the former, just as everywhere, attendees were explained and communicated new information. The latter one was for application and proving.
Let’s have a look at the course of training.
Before setting to work with an analyzer, it is necessary to study physical, chemical and toxicological properties of ODSs and applied occupational safety and health rules.
Now, it’s time for work without any assistance. At first, under the direction of an experienced specialist.
At last, a laboratory work. Here are four cylinders marked as R134a. But only one of them contains what is declared. What’s in others? The attendees are to find out.
All of them without exception coped with this uneasy task and detected R12, R22 and R141b. So, the Earth’s ozone layer will recover, and smugglers well, they should think very carefully. Because no gain costs from 3 to 12 years of imprisonment, not to mention reputational loss.
The training continued with a speech of DuPont CEE Corporate Security Manager Vladimir Podlesnov who spoke about DuPont’s global experience in combatting the illegal importation of ODSs.
Then the attendees were told about international and Russian legislation covering issues of the ozone layer protection. Specifically, they learned about the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, basics of the Montreal Protocol and its corrections and amendments.
The curriculum drawers devoted much attention to the latest changes in the legislation of the Customs Union and Russian Federation. First of all, that refers to Federal Law No.226-FZ “On amending Federal Law “On Environment Protection” signed by the Russian President on July 23, 2013.
Some time was dedicated to studying certain legislative acts and draft by-laws of the Russian Federation. Practical application of legal norms in the work of security agencies were also dealt with. Nearest development prospects for the legislation of the Russian Federation and Customs Union in the area of protecting the ozone layer and climate caused heated dispute.
The next unit was about classification and use of ozone-depleting substances in the Russian Federation. Kholodon general director Alexey Skorenko detailed scope of application and major users of ODSs, common ways to disguise illegally imported goods and their technical properties, key suppliers and illegal channels used for illegal ODS importation to Russia.
Illegal importation schemes were also covered by GaloPolimer electronegative gas and halons sales department head Fedor Fedotenkov, Russian Refrigeration general director Igor Vitoshkin, HRC Logistics general director Artem Lukin. They supplemented the speech of Mr. Skorenko with case studies of such schemes, told about possible ways of ODS disposal and answered numerous questions on, particularly, interaction of special agencies with business circles.
At the end, every attendee was presented an electronic media with videos dedicated to protection of the ozone layer and rapid-response analyzer operation and digital manuals and documents.
The ceremony of awarding certificates completed with a group photo.